Thoroughly researched, thoroughly in tune with the culture, "Hip Hop in America: A Regional Guide" profiles two dozen specific hip hop scenes across the United States, showing how each place shaped a singular identity. Through its unique geographic perspective, it captures the astonishing diversity of a genre that has captivated the nation and the world.
In two volumes organized by broad regions (East Coast, West Coast and Midwest and the Dirty South), "Hip Hop in America" spans the complete history of rap-from its 1970s origins to the rap battles between Queens and the Bronx in the 1980s, from the well-publicized East Coast v. West Coast conflicts in the 1990s to the rise of the Midwest and South over the past ten years. Each essay showcases the history of the local scene, including the MCs, DJs, b-boys and b-girls, label owners, hip hop clubs, and radio shows that have created distinct styles of hip hop culture.
In a world torn apart by division and anxiety, there is greater need than ever for church unity, and for united action to help transform the world and its ways. "Called to the One Hope" challenges the churches to provide a common response to the insecurities and dangers that plague humanity in the opening decade of the 21st century. Samuel Kobia, general secretary of the World Council of Churches, has travelled widely and heard the cries of people affected by hatred, violence, starvation, economic injustice and environmental degradation. At other moments, he has heard enthusiastic expressions of joy and hope. He has encountered the spiritual yearning of youth who are seeking a more profound relationship with God. In this book, Kobia addresses humanitys sense of alienation and quest for identity, asking how the churches, the ecumenical movement and the World Council of Churches -- divided as they are -- may yet be renewed for service. Reiterating the radical message of Jesus, he calls for a spirituality of resistance to all that threaten people and the planet. Kobia recognises signs of hope already manifesting themselves throughout the world, and reports experiences of grace and transformation that may serve as models for future Christian witness and common action.
Many hiphoppas labour to sustain Hiphop Kulture in their communities far from the big stages, world tours, and hit singles enjoyed by a shockingly few American hiphoppas. The creative labour of these few mega stars is calculated in billions of dollars. But for most hiphoppas, their creative labour may never get expressed in economic terms. Instead it is expressed in social capital, the production of collective and individual subjectivities, the bonds of love that build and hold communities together, and the healing of broken hearts, broken homes, and broken neighborhoods in broken cities. Hiphop Kulture is NOT a music genre, it is MUCH more, and exploring how the sharing of aesthetic resources builds community, and how situated learning plays a necessary role in cultural sustainability draws out questions that may lead to a model of community located cultural education, and a starting point for a critical pedagogy of music. "I ain't going to front, academics talking about hiphop scares me and often pisses me off. I'm protective about this culture like it's my own baby because it's meant so much to me and my close friends. In my less angry moments I do appreciate the fact that this culture still has so much to give to the rest of the world and that the next level is what we give back. Well, we need allies in this complex world to move things forward. As I've gotten to know Michael I consider him such an Ally and that his intent is firmly squared in empowering cats in the front lines. I also really dig the fact that he is committed to helping document the histories of those who laid the groundwork in the Edmonton scene. This is the respectful place to start. I look forward to bearing witness to Grass roots Hiphop reclaiming its voice and being at the forefront with academics supporting their community efforts." - Stephen "Buddha" Leafloor, Founder of the Canadian Floor Masters, Founder of Blueprintforlife.ca, Ashoka Fellow, Social Worker and an aging bboy! "Dr. Michael B. MacDonald's research into Hip Hop's pedagogical ingenuity have not only led us to the grassroots of Hip Hop's rich and vibrant global culture, but to the very Ethos of Hiphop. With bold examination, this exciting research stands at the forefront of contemporary post colonial Hiphop literature." - Andre Hamilton aka Dre Pharoh, Executive Director Cipher5 Hiphop Academy, Temple of HipHop Canada
One day, an alien orphan crash-lands on Earth and is adopted by a human couple, the Kents. Many years later, the baby inside that starship becomes Superman, protector of Earth!
In clear, easy-to-grasp language, the author covers many of the topics that you will need to know in order to launch and run a successful business venture.
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